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History Mexico City was built on the site of the Aztec city of Tenochtitlan, which had been founded in 1325 and destroyed by the Spanish conquerors in 1521. Popular uprisings against colonial oppression broke out in the city in 16. 28, 1821, Mexico City became the capital of independent Mexico.
During the Mexican-American War of 1846–48 it was occupied by US troops in 1847–48, and during the Mexican expedition of 1861–67 it was occupied by French forces from June 1863 to February 1867.
Classicism predominated in the architecture of the first half of the 19th century (School of Mines, 1797–1813, architect M. the capital of Mexico, on the central plateau at an altitude of 2240 m (7350 ft.): founded as the Aztec capital (Tenochtitl?
Tolsá), giving way to eclecticism in the second half of the 19th and early 20th centuries (Palace of Fine Arts, 1904–34, architect A. The first half of the 20th century saw the modernization of Mexico City: the Insurgentes Boulevard was laid out in 1924, an overall city plan was drawn up in 1932, and several housing projects were begun in 1948. n) in about 1300; conquered and rebuilt by the Spanish in 1521; forms, with its suburbs, the federal district of Mexico; the largest industrial complex in the country.
The most important industries are automobile assembly, electrical engineering, textiles, chemicals, food processing, conversion metallurgy, and the refining of oil and gas, brought by pipeline from the coast of the Gulf of Mexico.
Mexico City is one of the largest commercial and banking centers in Latin America.
Over population and the high concentration of industrial enterprises and transportation facilities have resulted in the rapid deterioration of the natural environment.
Architecture The Old City, with its rectangular network of streets, is situated on the site of the ancient Aztec capital.
Middle class districts arose in the west and southwest, and industrial and working-class quarters were built up in the north and east.
de Arrieta) is located in the Gustavo Madero district. In the 18th century Mexico City became the largest city in the Americas.
It was replanned in 1737, and in 1750 a plan was prepared for a new district in the east.
Mexico City’s industry continues to develop despite the absence of local raw materials and energy sources.
The Federal District accounts for about one-third of the country’s work force and about two-fifths of the value of the industrial output; Mexico City accounts for one-fourth of state investments.