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The archaeological evidences show that period of active church building actually followed the disappearance of Bet Qatraye and its bishops from the texts in 676 AD, that churches were established even thereafter and that “Christianity in the region persisted until at least the late ninth century” (Carter, 2008).
The eighth and ninth century are sometimes even referred to as the Golden Age of the Church of the East (Baumer, 2006).
The site was first surveyed and excavated by the Italian mission in the mid 1970s (Patitucci and Uggeri, 1984).
In the late 1980s and in 1999 the Kuwaiti-French and French missions were active here (Callot and Calvet, 1999).
Failaka Island, the second largest and the only inhabited off-shore island of Kuwait, is situated 17 km east of Kuwait mainland, in the entrance to Kuwait Bay.
They can be found along the shores and approximately in the middle of the island and correspond with occurrence of known archaeological sites.
The horizontal time slices for the depths 0.3-0.4 m from the investigated area (Fig. The extent of the excavations almost always reached the bedrock. The decline of eastern Arabia in the Sasanian period.
2A) clearly show the anomalies caused by the foundations of a courtyard house partially visible also on the surface. In total, 640 m (in 25 trenches and 5 deep soundings) was uncovered and the following structures were documented: central house (central building), courtyard fence, two outbuildings (one outside and one inside the fence), ditch, and an oval structure (of later date) (Fig. By surface prospecting were found pottery and glass vessel fragments, as well as some other small finds found.
Apart from field walking and excavation, the geophysical methods were employed at the site. H., Tirpák, J., Bielich, M., Bartík, M., Ďuriš, J., 2007.
In our opinion, it is a standard type of early medieval courtyard house, typical for Al-Qusur site.
The oval feature in northern part of fence is, secondarily built on the ruins of the courtyard.
At the moment, over 140 settlement units can be found at Al-Qusur when combining the outputs of aerial photographing in 1960, and results of Italian and Kuwaiti-Slovak teams.
The GPR survey of the courtyard house 1 was carried out twice – in 2006 and in 2008 (Fig. In 2006 the data were collected along the profiles with N-S orientation on the area 50 by 50 m (Pieta/Shehab/Tirpák/Bielich/Bartík/Ďuriš 2007) and in 2008 along E-W oriented profiles on the area 60 by 70 m.